The common passport, which has been in development for five years, is set to replace the respective second-generation passports in a process expected to be completed in two years.
“Part of the mandate of the EAC integration process is easing movement of citizens from member states within and outside the community,” explained EAC Secretary General Richard Sezibera. “We wanted the identity card to be used for travel across the EAC and next year we will be launching the East African passport which will be the document used for travel outside East Africa,” he added.
Dr Sezibera was speaking at the sidelines of the World Trade Organisation’s 10th ministerial conference in Nairobi. The conference, which is being held in Africa for the first time, has cast the spotlight on the place of Africa in global trade blocks at the same time criticising the barriers to intra-African trade.
Currently, all the EAC member states apart from Burundi use second-generation passports that rely on digital imaging, watermarks and UV imaging as security features. Biometric passports, sometimes called e-passports or digital passports, contain additional security features through implanted micro-chips containing facial and biometric information of the traveller.
The passports are already in use in several west and north African countries including Ghana, Morocco, Tunisia, South Sudan and Egypt.